The most influential definition which distinguishes which e-bikes are pedelecs and which are not, comes from the EU. From the EU directive (EN15194 standard) for motor vehicles, a bicycle is considered a pedelec if:

My State (WV) Laws are similar. Anything with a motor is a Moped (requires registration and insurance and that kills a lot of incentive to use one). I got interested because I was looking at the Organic Transit ELF. Turns out human powered Trikes are non-classified vehicles here, that is they are not defined as a bike -as a bike can only have 2 tandem wheels- while a moped can have 3 but also has a motor which a human powered trike lacks. >shrug< Brakes: Caliper brakes (the type found on ordinary bicycles) are common on e-bikes, but disk brakes offer better stopping power. In wet conditions, however, initial braking can be slowed as you first clear water from the disk. It's a minor thing, and you soon get used to it. Raleigh’s gone electronic with the Detour iE, which is designed to make urban riding ultra-easy. Toodle around town or blast to work at up to 20 miles per hour with the 250-watt electronic assist motor. The niftiest feature on this machine is the way the battery for the motor is positioned: sitting in a rear rack, so it blends into the classic step-through frame style. It’s admittedly not the sexiest of the e-bikes out there, but at under $2,700, it’s one of the cheaper, well-made options available on the market.  A custom designed electric trike with large plastic cargo bin at the back, three-speed internally geared hub can be shifted at standstill and is more durable than a traditional derailleur. Two mechanical disc brakes provide good stopping power, max speed limited to 7 mph in…... Add a device to control speed.  One example is a three speed switch.  Some controllers have a plug for it, or there are types that just modify the throttle signal.  If your controller comes equipped with a cycleanalyst plug, then the CA can have its speed limiting function set to 20-MPH.  Lastly, some controllers have a jumper wire that limits potential speed. In most cases this jumper wire, when connected, will result in speed a lot slower than 20-MPH. So that may not be the first choice.  However you get it done, it beats having to comply with the moped laws, particularly if you have no drivers license. Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer. Morningstar: © Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc. . All rights reserved. Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and/or its affiliates. When you purchase ShippingPass you don't have to worry about minimum order requirements or shipping distance. No matter how small the order or how far it needs to go, ShippingPass provides unlimited shipping. If you need to return or exchange an item you can send it back at no cost or take it to your neighborhood store.   But it’s pretty easy to limit any e-bikes speed, so the e-bike could be slowed down enough to be legal in any state with a 20-MPH limit. In New Mexico though, nothing will make it a “bike” IF the motor is turned on.  With the motor off, nothing prohibited carrying a motor you are not using on a “bike”.  What’s the difference?  You could pedal legaly on the street, then once off the street, motor happily off road. The part that confuses me is the “saddle”. Recumbent trikes do not have the typical bicycle saddle seat. They have a nice comfy fully supportive seat. Some are like bucket seats. So then I’m thinking, would it be a moped under WA law? As e-bikes became more popular, dedicated models were developed. Most of them still look very much like ordinary bicycles, but now they're built with the motor and battery as an integral part. Today’s electric bicycles are better balanced and more efficient than ever before. Browse by categoryTarget Findsclothingshoesaccessoriesbabyhomekitchen & diningfurniturepatio & gardenelectronicsmovies, music & booksvideo gamestoyssports & outdoorsluggageschool & office suppliesbeautypersonal carehealthfood & beveragehousehold essentialspetsparty suppliesclearancetop dealsgift findergift cardsholiday shop $Electric Bike-Power Bike Eco-Friendly Battery and charger are included Single Speed Electric Bike -- Proudly assembled in U.S.A ---AGM (Absorbed Glass Mat) Non-Spillable Sealed Lead Acid Batteries ---20 MPH, 28 Miles per full charge ---Three riding modes: Electric mode, Electric with pedal, Pedal only Specifications: Motor: 250W, 24V Brushless Battery: AGM SLA battery 24V / 12AH Controller: Speed sensor 24V Display: Battery capacity Max Speed: Up to 20 MPH (rider weight contingent) Gear Set: Single speed Brakes: F: V-Brake R:DRUM Tires: 24" X 1.95 W with reflector Rims: 24" Alloy double Wall Handlebar Stem:Aluminium handlebar and stem Front Fork: Rigid steel fork Seat: Wide leather, steel seat post Frame: Steel frame size - 24" x 18" Pedals: Plastic with reflectors Crank Set: Steel crank sets Net weight 75lbs. Yes, There Are Age Limits: According to Portland State University’s TREC Transportation Insight for Vibrant communities, as of December 2015, at least 40 US states and Canadian provinces had a minimum operator age for e-bikes, typically 14 or 16 years of age. In Alberta, 12 year olds can operate an e-bike, but in Quebec, you must be 18. Disclaimer.  This article is not written by a lawyer, and in no way constitutes legal advice. This article is intended only as a guide to how to look up information that will allow an individual to understand their local laws pertaining to operation of electric bikes.  This story was submitted by non-lawyer Dogman, our electric bike commuting guru, and electricbike.com staff writer. While the electric assist will ensure that you get up that hill, an E-bike does not make up for the need to be a practiced and comfortable rider. Operators of E-bikes must be capable of and comfortable with all of the usual aspects of bike operation including mounting/dismounting, starting/stopping, pedaling, shifting gears, balancing and maneuvering in varying traffic and road conditions.   So my e-bike was a bike before the motor was put on. But it’s not a bike when the motor is turned on.  This could be important. If you are not using the motor, EVERY device propelled by human power with tandem wheels is a “bike” except for scooters. It does not seem to exclude carrying a motor you are not using on your “bike”. Full-power: These bikes are designed for minimal pedaling over relatively short distances. They have large batteries and powerful hub motors and they tend to be big, sturdy, and heavy. Bikes like this are for people who love cycling but hate pedaling! Since you're using power all the time, the range is limited (typically 16–30km or 10–20 miles). A top of the line, tadpole style cargo trike powered by the Bosch Performance mid-drive motor and an 11 speed SRAM drivetrain, optional NuVinci N360 or Harmony continuously variable transmission with Gates Carbon belt drive. The bike leans side to side so you can corner faster and avoid the two-wheel…... Electric Bike Conversion Kits are prepackaged sets of components designed to fit on a normal bike and convert it into an Electric Bike. These kits make it easier for end-users to find compatible, functioning parts and purchase them all together. A kit can range from a complete system that includes all the small parts you need, to DIY kits that include only a few parts and leave the rest up to the user. A solid all-around mid-drive electric bike kit with shift sensing, pedal assist and throttle override offering 500 watts of nominal power output. Two battery size options, available in downtube or rear rack styles, optional Race Face performance…... And motorcycle looking contraptions such at the Hanebrink Hustler (read article) which looks like a motorcycle and is 60-MPH  fast…will get you pulled over…even if it has pedals hidden under those fairings: E-bikes have been trying desperately to look like regular bicycles. The all-new Lauva bike does a pretty good job, rolling the streets as a stylish urban commuter with standard diamond frame, leather accessories, puncture-proof tires and up 250 W of electric assistance. [redirect url='https://ebikediagnostics.com/bump' sec='7']