HR-727 amended the Consumer Product Safety Act, which falls under Title 15 of the United States Code, which is overall entitled “Commerce and Trade” – so it’s very clear from the context that the federal definition of “low speed electric bicycle” is intended to pertain only to commerce and trade (i.e., importing and selling) of e-bikes. HR-727 was intended to place e-bikes under the jurisdiction of the Consumer Product Safety Commission when it comes to establishing safety requirements for e-bikes imported and sold in the U.S. (as opposed to DOT or NHTSA, which handle such requirements for motor vehicles like cars and trucks). Federal law says nothing about where and how e-bikes may be ridden, thus allowing states and local jurisdictions to set their own rules.

​It was in 2013 that we first heard about the Rubbee, a device featuring a motorized roller that could be added to any bicycle to turn it into an e-bike. A new-and-improved version followed the next year, and now the even-newer-and-more-improved Rubbee X has just hit Kickstarter.

A few electric bikes incorporate a technology that started in racecars: regenerative braking. When you brake, you create energy. That energy can be harvested and fed back the battery, prolonging its life. Regenerative braking is only just being introduced to e-bikes, but it’s certainly something to watch out for.

Bosch mid-drive eBike systems made their debut into the US market with the 2015 models, and are we happy to be a Bosch Certified Expert Shop! Every year, Bosch continues to innovate, to expand their product line, and to design products that meet the needs of a growing population of electric bike customers.

The part that confuses me is the “saddle”. Recumbent trikes do not have the typical bicycle saddle seat. They have a nice comfy fully supportive seat. Some are like bucket seats. So then I’m thinking, would it be a moped under WA law?

The Stromer ST1 Platinum may look less decked out than the other models, but this e-bike is pretty high-tech. It looks like something a Storm Trooper might pilot and has a futuristic computer readout to go with it—showing speed, odometer, trip time, and battery level, among other things. The battery is built into the down tube, and the speed tops out at 28 miles per hour. It also has fender and rack mounts if you want to make it a great commuter bike in the winter and can go up to 55 miles on a single charge.

Do you love vintage motorcycles? Then we have the e-bike for you! The Italjet Ascot is a gorgeously classy model, with retro-chic styling that includes leather handlebar tape, a built-in storage bag, and brown bubble tires. Still not enough glamour for you? A gold chain completes the package. Naturally, it has a leather Brooks Flyer saddle, too. Even the lights look vintage, but nothing about how this bike handles makes it feel old. It can get up to 15 miles per hour with the help of the battery—the rest is all your leg power. If you always wanted a Vespa but couldn’t justify a full-blown scooter, this is one step cooler. 

Mid-mounted crank drives produce the most bicycle-like feel, because the pedal crank turns and drives the chain, just like when you pedal. Crank drives are efficient at transmitting power, which makes them popular, especially for fast, off-road electric bikes.

This all-black e-bike looks futuristic in design, from the handlebars to the Shimano Alfine drivetrain, and its tech is pretty far ahead, too. This Contro-E has Cannondale’s classic Lefty fork (a rigid one) and 2.35-inch Schwalbe tires hefty enough to do urban battle with potholes and the occasional shards of glass. Full front and rear fenders make it a rainy day machine, and a Bosch engine gives you a bit of boost when your morning coffee hasn’t yet kicked in during your commute. 

I like having both options. The throttle is great for getting a quick burst of speed, like when going through an intersection. It is also good when you are riding in a situation that requires you to be able to vary your speed quickly. I like the pedal-assist when riding on open stretches of road. On my Pedego Interceptor I can change the pedal-assist mode very easily so if I need to drop down from Super Girl #5 to Modest Mouse #2 I can do that quickly.

Lower the voltage.  Depending on the battery, the first block or two of riding might do the trick.  If your battery drops voltage fast, you might be a lot slower than 20-MPH for 98% of your ride. I’d call that close enough if that is the case.  Or maybe I can just charge my battery to a lower voltage.  Maybe if I charge it to 40 volts instead of the normal 42V-44V, I won’t be quite so fast.  That could work if my battery still gets me going 23-MPH for too long to fudge it.

The batteries are the most important parts of the bike, because (if you don’t do any pedaling) they contain all the power that will drive you along. Typical electric bike batteries make about 350–500 W of power (that’s about 35–50 volts and 10 amps), which is about a quarter as much as you need to drive an electric toaster. In theory, you could use any kind of battery on a bicycle. In practice, however, you want to use something that stores lots of power without being too heavy—or you’ll be using half your power just moving the battery along! That tends to rule out heavy lead-acid batteries like the ones that start cars, though some electric bikes do use them. Lightweight lithium-ion batteries, similar to those used in laptop computers, mobile (cellular) phones, and MP3 players, are now the most popular choice, though they’re more expensive than older rechargeable battery technologies such as nickel-cadmium (“nicad”). Typical batteries will give your bicycle a range of 10–40 miles between charges (depending on the terrain) and a top speed of 10–20 mph (which is about the maximum most countries allow for these vehicles by law). You can extend the range by pedaling or free-wheeling some of the time.

The top three e-bikes are the Gocycle GS, The Jetson Adventure, and the Propella E-Bike. All three e-bikes are very different. The Gocycle is futuristic and looks like someone in SoHo, NYC or in Silverlake, Los Angeles would ride it to a trendy shop. It does it in style, won’t force you to relearn how to ride a bike, and certainly has a unique look going for it.

eBay determines trending price through a machine learned model of the product’s sale prices within the last 90 days. “New” refers to a brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item, and “Used” refers to an item that has been used previously.

48V 1000W and 750W super power brushless gearless hub motor. 1x 48V 1000W Motor. Allow you to swap two power modes between the full 1000W power or 750W power by a single blue switch wire is embedded in controller.

As the weather begins to drop and the snow starts to fall, it is increasingly important to know how to properly care for your electric bike and its Lithium-ion battery. It may be possible for some people to ride their bikes during the winter months, while others must pack them away until the warmer weather returns. Whether you plan to ride in the cold and snow or if you decide to…

Around 90% of electric bikes are powered by standard lithium-ion batteries, but there have been further developments in the technology. These developments include lithium-ion polymer batteries, lithium manganese batteries, and lithium cobalt batteries.

Simple, convenient, cheap, and economical—bicycles are one of the world’s favorite forms of transportation. But they’re not for everyone. They can be hard to pedal up and down hills or with heavy loads, and elderly or disabled people may find them impossible to manage. In the last few years, a new generation of electric bicycles has begun to revolutionize our idea of environmentally friendly transportation. These new cycles have all the convenience of cars with all the simple economy of ordinary cycles. Let’s take a closer look at how they work.

There’s your answer right there. There is already a deterrent to running a stop sign. It’s called civil procedure[ie. being sued]. The only thing legislation does is to make the government a party in a civil matter. The government has no business in the matter.

​E-bikes come in some pretty strange shapes and sizes these days. With a missing seat post, the BMX-inspired e-bike does have some points of difference, and also comes with an optional solar-powered charging pack so you can stay on the move without tapping into the grid.

Does a decades-long rise in suicide among white Americans signal an emerging crisis for U.S. capitalism and democracy? Nobel Prize-winning economist Angus Deaton and his wife, fellow Princeton Prof. Anne Case, share their provocative theory with WSJ’s Jason Bellini in this episode of Moving Upstream. Photo: Getty

They would get me with an Ego drive, (plan to get one) it’s a little noisy. Wonder if dropping gear or reducing motor use, while clown pedaling would get me by. Even if it doesn’t still going to try! All hub motor systems seem good and stealthy, many fully legal, but ego kit so far seems the most bang for buck. At least from what I want out of my kit, what I willing to spend.